Grade 12 Post-Secondary Planning 2019

Here is the Grade 12 Post-Secondary Planning presentation the guidance team provided to grade 12 students to help with their post-secondary plans. We look forward to meeting with you in the weeks ahead to assist with your post-secondary goals.

OSAP Information

OSAP Monkey on backThere is financial help for students attending university and college

Are you making plans to attend college or university next fall? Visit to see what financial aid is available to help pay for tuition and other expenses.

This year, about one-third of students attending college or university full-time are receiving free tuition from OSAP. Visit and use the calculator to see what you may be eligible to receive from OSAP.

Apply early and use the OSAP comparison tool to help you make the best choice for your future.

Important Information

University Information

Most university programs consist of a wide selection of courses that will allow you to explore your subject of major interest. The purpose of a university education is to help you refine your higher order thinking skills. As you delve into your chosen area, you will learn to think critically about concepts, look at the big picture, analyze cause and effect relationships, break an idea or situation into component parts and put it back together again. Only a very few professional university programs will train you for work in a specific job area; for example, business, engineering or nursing.

There are four basic types of undergraduate university degrees.

  • B.A. – Bachelor of Arts – Subjects of major interest would include (Humanities) English, Languages, Philosophy and (Social Sciences) geography, history, psychology and sociology.
  • B.Sc.- Bachelor of Science – Subjects of major interest would include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science.
  • B.FA.- Bachelor of Fine Arts – Subjects of major interest would include Visual Arts, Music and Drama.
  • Professional degrees are usually a package of prescribed courses with some room for specialization within the subject area.  e.g.  Bachelor of Commerce (Business), Bachelor of Science in Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Some programs (e.g. Physical Education) may be offered as either a B.A. or a B.Sc.; or they may have their own unique designation (e.g. BPhysEd). University programs are either 3 years (pass or general) or 4 years (honours) in length.

A full-time student will take the equivalent of 5 university courses each year. Approximately half of your courses must be from the subject that you have declared as your major area of concentration. For example, if you were taking a 3 year B.A. majoring in English, you would take a total of 15 university courses, and 7 (approximately half) would need to be English courses. A minor area of concentration means that have taken at least 3 courses in a specific subject. Many university degrees are offered at a variety of levels of concentration (specialist, double major, major-minor, minor).

Most university programs have program requirements (some compulsory courses that you must take in your subject of major interest). Most university degrees have degree requirements in depth (a minimum number of first, second and senior year courses) and breadth (courses from several subject areas) requirements.

Once you have been accepted to a university, the university will arrange for you to have an orientation session with a Faculty Advisor, who will help you to choose your university courses.

After your first year of university, it is fairly easy to switch your subject of major interest within a degree; for example, within a B.A. to change your major from psychology to sociology. It is usually very difficult to switch degrees; for example, B.A. to B.Sc., because different degrees have different admissions requirements.

For administrative purposes, similar programs are grouped together into an administrative unit called a faculty; for example, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Science or the Faculty of Mathematics. There is no uniform method of grouping programs into faculties; for example, depending on the university, English could be part of the Faculty of Arts, or the Faculty of Humanities or the Faculty of Arts and Science. You must study each university’s calendar very carefully.

What resources are available to help me with my research?

  • The Guidance Services website has links to the Internet version of all of the paper resources that are available in the library and links to many other university resources (e.g. eINFO) that are only available online.
  • The Guidance office still receives University Calendars from many of the Ontario Universities.

How can I find the program that is the best fit for me?

  • Go to Ontario Universities Info, select Program Locator and browse by Program of Study. Compile a list of all of the programs of study that might be of interest to you.  Please note that different universities may use different names for similar programs (Human Kinetics, Kinesiology, Physical Education, Sport and Physical Education).
  • Review your list.  Choose one of the programs that you think would be of interest to you. In Ontario Universities Info, choose Program Locator, select Browse by Program of Study and locate the program in the database.  Click on the name of the program for a list of all of the universities that offer that program.  Choose and click on the name of one of the universities.  Scroll down to the bottom of the page and then click on the appropriate Program Title for Program Details (including OUAC program code, previous year mark range and prerequisites).
  • If you would like more detailed information about the program, go to the calendar for that university and lookup the program. The calendar will give you a complete list of all of the courses that are available in that subject area with a one paragraph description for each of the courses. This is the best way to see if you might like to study a specific subject area; for example, sociology. If you think that the program is “a maybe”, add it to your list of possible programs.
  • Now that you have created a short list of possible university programs, you should return to Ontario Universities Info and browse by Program of Study to find all of the universities that offer your program.
  • For each university that offers your program, check the Program Details to ensure that you have the prerequisite courses to apply for your program. Now check to see if you will have an average above the previous year mark range (cutoff average) for admissions. In the Basis of Offers section, take note of the way that the university calculates your average and the way that it deals with repeated courses. Normally, it is unusual for a cutoff average to change by more than one percent from year to year. Check for any Notes or Additional Admissions Criteria.
  • Repeat this process for every university program that might be of interest to you.
  • Most Ontario universities make their initial conditional offers of admission using your grade 11 final marks.
  • They then revoke the offer, if your grade 12 final marks do not meet the conditions that they listed in the initial conditional offer of admission.
  • Your goal is to narrow your selections to 3 choices. It is possible to add additional choices by paying additional application fees.
  • Please see the Ontario Collage page for information about applied degrees.
  • Joint College-University Programs offer the opportunity to earn both a university degree and a college diploma.  Some programs require you to apply through OUAC, while other allow you to apply through OCAS. For more information visit the OUAC guide.
  • If you need help with your research, please make an appointment to see your Guidance Counsellor.

How do I apply to university?

How to Apply ONLINE to Ontario Universities 2019

Important Dates:

  • January 15, 2020 is the Deadline for Ontario secondary school students to submit complete online application to OUAC Apply before the deadline
  • February 4, 2020 is the recommended last date to submit all information to OUAC including University program changes, as well as additional university/program choices.
  • May 27, 2020 The latest date by which all secondary school shall expect a response from a University. This will be in the form of an offer of admission, a refusal or a deferral pending the receipt of specific additional information.
  • June 1, 2020 the earliest date by which a university may require a response to an offer of admission and a financial commitment

University Websites

College Information

Most college programs consist of a package of courses that will train you for a very specific area of employment.   There are over 500 programs that are available through the 28 Ontario Community Colleges.  Colleges offer many types of programs, including Applied Degree Programs.  Some types of college programs are not available for direct entry from high school.

What resources are available to help me with my research?

Here is a list of the applied degrees at the GTA Colleges

Many colleges offer applied degrees and have joint programs with a variety of universities thus enabling a student to earn a degree from a university and a diploma from a college. The basic admission requirement is that students will have earned their OSSD (high school diploma). Listed below are colleges in the GTA and some of the programs they offer.

How can I find the program that is the best fit for me?

For additional information on college programs (diplomas, applied degrees and joint programs), go to the Ontario Colleges Website.

If you wish to transfer between college and university, refer to the Ontario College University Transfer Guide.

Please Note:

  • The admissions requirements for most college programs are college (C) preparation high school courses.  They will accept university (U), university/college (M) and open (O) courses.
  • Workplace (E) preparation courses are usually considered as elective credits, and cannot be used to meet the admissions requirements for English, mathematics and the sciences at college.
  • Some college technology programs (e.g. Civil Engineering Technology) require / prefer Mathematics for College Technology (MCT4C). MPM1D or MFM1P   —>   MPM2D   —>   MCF3M   —>   MCT4C
  • If you do not have the mathematics course that is required for your desired college program, contact your college and ask if they have any mathematics upgrading courses that would allow you to qualify for your desired program.
  • If a college program includes grades in its admission requirements, the college will make their initial conditional offer based on your grade 11 final marks.  The college will revoke the offer if your grade 12 final marks do not meet the conditions that they listed in the initial conditional offer of admission.
  • Colleges will NOT include co-op grades in the calculation of an admissions average.
  • If you need help with your research, please make an appointment to see your Guidance Counsellor.

Instructions for on-line College Application

Important Dates:


  • October 2019 – Application process opens
  • December 2019– Earliest date that 2019/2020 application data will be sent to colleges
  • February 1, 2020 – Equal consideration date


  • February 1, 2020 – Earliest release of offers by colleges to all applicants


  • February 1, 2020 – Earliest date that applicants may confirm an offer of admission
  • May 1, 2020 – Most common date that applicants must confirm their acceptance of an offer of admission to their chosen program.
  • June 2020 -Earliest date that colleges may require payment of tuition fees.

College Websites

Upcoming Events

September 27-29, 2019 – Ontario Universities’ Fair (OUF)

October 23-24, 2019 – Ontario Colleges Fair

Last Modified: October 24, 2019